NAVI MUMBAI: A 42 feet long blue whale was washed ashore at the Revdanda coast, which is 17 km south of Alibaug. Forest officials had reportedly contacted marine biologists after spotting it on Wednesday when it was still alive and struggling to survive.
“This big whale was first spotted on the shore on Wednesday afternoon. It was initially showing signs of life, so the villagers tried to push it back in the sea. However, the whale later died,” informed a local resident.
Chief conservator of forests (mangroves cell), N Vasudevan, said: “It is unfortunate that this blue whale was stranded in the shallow sea and eventually died. The blue whales are the biggest species of earth, and can grow up to 100 feet.”
Vasudevan added that the dead whale was later buried on the beach at Revdanda on Thursday. This is reportedly the biggest sized whale to have washed ashore in and around Mumbai coast in recent times. Around two months ago another dead whale was found at the Uran coast of Raigad district; while several dead dolphins were also found around the Mumbai cost in the recent past.
“Marine creatures like dolphins and whales are being regularly spotted on the shores like this due to various reasons, including sea pollution due to our industrial effluents. The latest blue whale to be found at the Raigad district shows that our waters are rich in biodiversity, and that we must take care of our environment,” said activist, D Stalin.
Earlier this year, there was a wave of excitement among scientists after marine biologists from the Cetacean Population Study team had spotted live blue whales in the sea, close to the Konkan coast of Sindhudurg.
The latest dead blue whale was reportedly a young female.
Vasudevan added that way back in 1912, a blue whale and its calf had washed ashore in Ratnagiri, while in 1906, there was another dead blue whale sighting at Thane coast.
In and around the Maharashtra-Karnataka coast, we normally see Sperm whales and Bryde’s whales.
Famous naturalist and broadcaster, David Attenborough, had once described these giant mammals like this:
“Blue Whale’s tongue weighs as much as an elephant, its heart is the size of a car and some of its blood vessels are so wide you could swim down them. Its tail alone is the width of a small aircraft’s wings. Its streamlining, close to perfection, enables it to cruise at 20 knots – one of the fastest creatures in the sea. The ocean’s largest inhabitant feeds almost exclusively on one of the smallest, krill. A single whale can consume 40 million of them in a day. Despite their enormous size, we know very little about them.”
Almost 20 types of whales are found in the Arabian Sea. There are two basic types of whales – toothed and baleen. Baleen whales have a specialised filter in their mouths that blocks out dirt and other sea trash while these mammals drink the water.
Blue whales and Humpback whales, which were washed ashore in and around Mumbai coast earlier, belong to the baleen whale category.
India’s new government launched ‘Make in India’ as an initiative to encourage companies to manufacture products locally. It is a program designed to facilitate investment, foster innovation, enhance skill development, protect intellectual property and build the best-in-class manufacturing infrastructure. The government is positive on the developing contours of the Make in India program as most government ministries have aligned their goals and targets to further this mission. Here are the focus points for Make in India, according to report by Barclay’s, a British bank.
Here are pointers to note:
1. Foreign direct investment: The main goal for Make in India is foreign direct investment. It aims to boost local manufacturing, technology transfer and skill development across sectors. So far, the new government has eased requirements in the construction sector, permitted 100% FDI in railways, allowed 49% on approval and above 49% on case-by-case in the defence.
2. Ease of doing business: For the economic world, the government is making efforts to reduce complexities in terms of deregulation and de-license. The BJP government aims to achieve greater transparency, rule-based processes, timely dispute resolution, single-window and simple processes for the Make in India campaign. The management has eased regulatory environment vis ebusiness, industrial licensing and compliance requirements made less stringent and self-compliance driven in heavy industries and approvals are now process driven by the environment ministry. In the commerce sector, the ministry has reduced paper work for imports and exports.
3. Quality and technology: As a part of the Make in India mission, the government plans to create eco-system for indigenous technology development. In order to achieve this, the health industry has introduced schemes with outlay of Rs 9 billion for capital goods sector for product and technology development. In the defence sector, the government intends higher domestic procurement.
4. Labour reforms: Easier scale for hiring or laying off and lower compliance burden are the goals Make in India is trying to accomplish. Despite India’s overlapping outdated labour laws, the government has performed an early stab at labour reforms with amendments to laws pertaining to apprenticeship, industrial closures, and labour compliance.
5. Infrastructure: The road ministry has generated higher funding and targets allocated to roads, railway, and ports. Apart from the 100 smart city project, industrial corridors are under construction. The government strives to build transport, power infrastructure, industrial corridors and export oriented infrastructure.
6. Tax reforms: As a part of the Make in India mission, the new government aims to reduce tax litigations and unclog the complexity in the tax code and create a national market. The Finance Ministry is in full swing by reducing custom duty on a number of inputs to domestic industry like steel grade limestone, dolomite in financial 2015-16 union budget.
7. SME support: One of the Make in India program’s objective is to make small and medium enterprises export-oriented by providing technology, credit and value chain support. Tax pass through for venture capital funds, proposes inclusion of lending to SMEs as priority sector lending, subsidy for installation of machinery, and 15 new technology centres are some measures the government has taken to make progress in this initiative.
8. Skill development: Skill development is one of the key objectives to achieve the Make in India mission. Skilled manpower for manufacturing and technology intensive industries are some of the goals the government wishes to attain. So far, the government has launched ‘Skill India’ program that envisages expansion of skill councils in partnership with India Inc and opened new higher education institutions.
This work is produced by Simplus Information Services Pvt Ltd.
Contact lenses may increase the risk of eye infections by altering the make-up of bacteria living on the eyeball, research has shown.
Researchers found the lenses appeared to transfer bugs from the skin to the eye, upsetting the bacterial ecosystem and triggering infections and inflammation.
Lead scientist Dr Maria Gloria Dominguez-Bello, from NYU Langone Medical Centre in New York City, said: “Our research clearly shows that putting a foreign object, such as a contact lens, on the eye is not a neutral act.
“These findings should help scientists better understand the long-standing problem of why contact-lens wearers are more prone to eye infections than non-lens wearers.” The researchers took hundreds of swabs of various parts of the eyes of nine contact lens wearers and 11 participants who did not wear contact lenses.
They found that in both groups the eye surface, or conjunctiva, harboured a more diverse range of bacteria than the skin directly beneath the eye.
Three times the usual proportion of three types of bugs, Methylobacterium, Lactobacillus, Acinetobacter and Pseudomonas, were identified on the eyeballs of contact lens wearers.
The conjunctival “microbiome”, or microbial ecosystem, of lens wearers turned out to be more like that of the skin than of the eye.
Dr Dominguez-Bello added: “What we hope our future experiments will show is whether these changes in the eye microbiome of lens wearers are due to fingers touching the eye, or from the lens’s direct pressure affecting and altering the immune system in the eye and what bacteria are suppressed or are allowed to thrive.”
The findings were presented at the annual meeting of the American Society for Microbiology in New Orleans.
Co-investigator Professor Jack Dodick, chair of opthalmology at NYU Langone, said: “There has been an increase in the prevalence of corneal ulcers following the introduction of soft contact lenses in the 1970s. A common pathogen implicated has been Pseudomonas.
“This study suggests that because the offending organisms seem to emanate from the skin, greater attention should be directed to eyelid and hand hygiene to decrease the incidence of this serious occurrence.” Some 5,245 distinct bacterial strains and subtypes were identified in the eyes of lens wearers and 5,592 strains in the eyes of non-lens wearers.
Surprisingly, the research showed that more Staphylococcus bacteria – which are linked to eye infections and are more prominent on the skin – were found in the eyes of non-lens wearers. The scientists cannot yet provide an explanation for this result.
Source: Yahoo news
When life meets death in the horoscope of time, the “god willing” school of philosophy emerges quickly. In the first heart-stopping minutes that followed the 7.9-magnitude earthquake that ripped through Nepal on April 25, several believers threw up their hands-both in honour and in despair-in front of the Himalayan republic’s reigning deity, Lord Pashupatinath. But slowly, as the snow settles back on the Khumbu Icefall and the Indian tectonic plate resumes its ancient rhythm of subducting beneath the overriding Eurasian plate and the climbing death toll gives way to deep grief as well as deep anger, the old questions begin to loom large: how did we get here? And why weren’t we ready for this?
Some say it will take decades to rebuild Nepal, especially because the amount of aid needed to do so is larger than the GDP of that country. Others, notably the non-profit organisation Geo Hazards International whose mission is to reduce earthquake risk in developing countries, points out that “a person living in Kathmandu is nine times more likely to be killed than a person living in Islamabad and about 60 times more likely than a person living in Tokyo,” because of the rampant and indiscriminate construction taking place in Nepal since the last major earthquake struck the India-Nepal border in 1934. As for the “What if” question that rises, unbidden, to the throat of every Indian glued to the dance of death and destruction that plays non-stop on the TV near you, seismologists shudder as they grope for an answer.
“I cannot imagine the catastrophe if an earthquake of magnitude 6 hits Delhi,” says Harsh K. Gupta, president of the International Union of Geodesy & Geophysics, pointing out that the Indian capital is located in Zone 4 (the country is divided into five seismic zones). He adds, “The vast slums and unauthorised colonies, especially around the soft Yamuna floodplain, in which lakhs of people live, will be flattened like a house of cards. The Qutab Minar can probably survive an earthquake of the magnitude of 7.0, but beyond that I don’t think so.”
Vineet Gahalaut, seismologist at the Hyderabad-based National Geophysical Research Institute, emits a strangled laugh. “Have you seen the balconies in the houses in Old Delhi that almost touch each other as housewives exchange kitchen recipes? If a Nepal-type earthquake hits Delhi, the streets are so narrow, you won’t even be able to do search and rescue,” he says. The National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA)-set up by a government fiat in the wake of the 2001 Gujarat earthquake and the tsunami of 2004-conducted three mega drills in north India and the North-east from 2012-2014 in an effort to develop a contemporary intensity map as well as inform and educate people about the ravages of earthquakes.
Hypothetically simulating, in Chandigarh on February 13, 2013-in the middle of the night when most people are asleep-the 8.0 magnitude of the 1905 Kangra earthquake in which 20,000 people are believed to have been killed, across Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Chandigarh, the NDMA found that 1 million people would have died at present. The scenario-building exercise was repeated in 2014 across all eight states of the North-east, this time simulating the 1897 Assam earthquake of 8.7 magnitude in which around 1,500 people were killed. The NDMA found that if the earthquake had struck at night in 2014, at least 800,000 people would have died.
NDMA member Lt-Gen N.C. Marwah says the three mega drills (the first took place in Delhi in 2012, see box) created a great sense of awareness among the population, but admits that the national disaster management plan is still awaiting approval from the Prime Minister’s Office. Asked about the vulnerability assessments of Delhi, or other towns falling in the highest-risk zones 4 and 5, Marwah says the NDMA doesn’t have the authority to carry out any of these studies, as it is the states that must implement them. “We can only issue guidelines on how to make India disaster-resilient, and yes, the NDMA is a toothless tiger”, he adds.
Rohit Jigyasu, head of the risk preparedness committee of the International Council on Monuments and Sites, believes the NDMA guidelines need to be simpler and allow greater use of indigenous technology and construction techniques, for instance in Kashmir, where buildings are commonly constructed from wood.
“The NDMA has no guidelines for cultural heritage. For example, there are absolutely no risk management plans for Qutab Minar, which will unlikely survive a Nepal-magnitude quake,” Jigyasu says. “In fact, NDMA and cultural organisations such as the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) have no contact at all. In case of a disaster, who does the ASI call?”
The NDMA passes the buck to the state governments, but no state has a comprehensive disaster management plan, says Ravi Sinha of IIT-Bombay, who helped write a risk report for Mumbai. The National Institute of Disaster Management restricts itself to policy planning and general awareness-type exercises, while the India Meteorological Division’s micro-zoning of Delhi and the Ministry of Earth Sciences’ (MoES) ongoing micro-zoning exercises of 30 cities is limited to topographical surveys. The incredible truth is that not one of these agencies has any information about the state of preparedness in any part of the country, both rural and urban.
And so it took a passionate professor from the department of earthquake engineering at IIT-Roorkee to blow the lid off the bureaucratic stranglehold at the MoES, which in September 2014 stopped funding a 10-year-long IIT project gathering data on structural responses to earthquakes from 293 strong ground motion instruments placed at key positions along the Himalayas.
Exactly a month before the Nepal quake, on March 26, Ashok Kumar of IIT-Roorkee wrote to MoES,complaining that the ministry had unilaterally shut down the sensor project because it wanted to give it to the ministry-controlled National Centre for Seismology.
Thakur added, presciently, “Our country will cut a very sorry face if a big earthquake event occurs, as in the present stage of instrumentation we may not get any strong motion record.”
So as scientists all over the country logged in after the quake to look at data, they found there was none. IIT-Roorkee had been told to shut down its project but the new ministry-controlled seismology centre had not taken over yet.
Defending his ministry’s decision, MoES Secretary Shailesh Naik told India Today that the IIT project had gone on for 10 years and it was high time it was integrated into a permanent network. Naik said. “I am not a lawyer that I should check whether integration was done before or after.” Naik said he was sure that at least “one or two” stations would have still recorded the Nepal earthquake “as their battery life is one year.” He has now ordered a team to be sent to all stations to find out. In any case, he added, data from all 64 seismometers in the Himalayas (there are 82 all over the country) had already been released.
Meanwhile in Shimla, where bureaucratic apathy has combined with political greed to destroy a city once known as the Queen of the hills, a 2013 disaster management plan reveals that 98 per cent of the city will either collapse or suffer substantial damage if an earthquake of 7.5 magnitude occurs. According to NDMA consultant B.K. Khanna, at least 25 per cent of Shimla’s population of more than 8 lakh will be killed.
“The National Building Code is a very good one and is constantly being revised,” says architect-planner AGK Menon, “but it is not mandatory. The truth is that 90 per cent of buildings in any city are built without permission.”
Experts rue the fact that India is totally unprepared. “We are building more high-rises on steep inclines even in the Himalayas,” says M.L. Sharma, HoD, Earthquake Engineering, IIT-Roorkee. Seismologist Gahalaut says, “Indians believe that earthquakes happen to other people.”
Certainly, the lack of resources accounts for a large part of India’s lack of preparedness. California’s advanced ShakeAlert system gave survivors a grace period of 5-10 seconds when the 2014 Napa Valley earthquake struck. Japan’s early warning systems (see box) meant that the P-waves from the 9 magnitude earthquake off the coast of Sendai in 2011 gave Japan Railways about 12-22 seconds allowing the bullet trains, the Shinkansen, to grind to a halt. About 800 seismometers are operated by the Japan Meteorological Agency, while 3,600 seismic intensity meters are operated by local governments. All this information is fed into the Earthquake Phenomena Observation System in Tokyo and Osaka in real-time and disseminated. In contrast, India has placed 72 GPS instruments and 64 seismometers in the Himalayan belt.
Menon, who was involved in the redevelopment of Anjar town, flattened by the 2001 Gujarat earthquake, says, “In an effort to streamline the old town and broaden its streets, several people had been given land on the outskirts. But when I returned a few years later, I found that most people had left their new patches of land to return ‘home’.”
The most earthquake-prone city in India is Aizawl, the capital of Mizoram which falls in Zone 5, with Sikkim’s Gangtok a close second. A GeoHazards study notes how Aizawl clings to the hillside, some of its houses 10 storeys high. “If an earthquake comes to Aizawl,” says GeoHazards’ South Asia representative Hari Kumar, “just the landslides will bury thousands.”
The story of apathy compounded by bureaucratic indifference and political passivity is chillingly common across the national landscape. An engineer with the Delhi Development Authority recounted how, in 2005, the state government undertook a pilot project of retrofitting five key buildings in collaboration with the American donor agency USAID to make them earthquake-proof. These included the Delhi Secretariat in which the CM’s office is located, the police headquarters, the GTB hospital and Ludlow Castle school.
Some admirable work was performed-the school received a seismic belt, while the Delhi Secretariat received a full dose of seismic planning. Around 2007, after a few engineers had even been to the US for training, the work abruptly stopped. Turned out the 2010 Commonwealth Games were finally awarded to Delhi, and work had to be completed on a war footing. Delhi went to sleep until the Nepal earthquake, when Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal announced the city needed to get its act together.
And so the wheel of life continues to turn, god willing, even as the Indian tectonic plate in the Himalayas underthrusts beneath its Eurasian counterpart, each day confirming that the arrival of the Next Big One is a day closer. But if the rising death toll from the Nepal quake has one lesson for India it is that the country must finally shed its indifference that often passes off as fatalism and relearn the value of every life. Otherwise, there could be a far stiffer price to pay for that cynical shoulder shrug.
According to nutrition specialist Khushboo Thadani, a mug of hot water and lemon should be your morning elixir. “After 8 hours of going without food, this blend reduces acidity and flushes out toxins in the body,” she explains.
In an alternate universe, you would wake up bright eyed and beaming, all set to kickstart your day with a morning run; then there is the actual reality of your snooze-loving, sunlight-hating self, whose mornings are rushed, fast and furious. How do you switch to the perfect world?
Vogue tells you 5 ways to become a morning person and love those early morning rays hitting your face.
1. Morning potion. According to nutrition specialist Khushboo Thadani, a mug of hot water and lemon should be your morning elixir. “After 8 hours of going without food, this blend reduces acidity and flushes out toxins in the body,” she explains.
2. Really wake up. Start your day with some kind of spiritual practise—it could be anything from 10-minute breathing exercises to a calming chant that soothes your soul.
3. Boost your energy to last you through the day without feeling tired. Thadani suggests breakfast that incorporates a balance of protein, complex carbohydrates, fibre and a moderate amount of healthy fats. Try:
- Greek yogurt topped with berries, raw oats and walnuts
- Natural peanut butter on rye toast with an egg-white omelet
- Whole-wheat toast topped with avocado and 2 poached eggs
- Oatmeal sweetened with a banana and topped with toasted almond flakes
- Vegan omelet made from chickpea flour (besan) and a level tablespoon of coconut chutney
4. Sleep right. A restful night’s sleep is as important as the necessary 8-hour snooze. Here are some ways to make it happen:
- Avoid drinking caffeine the previous day after 4 pm.
- Eat dinner at least 2 hours before you sleep for the sake of digestion.
- Sip on a warm cup of herbal, caffeine-free tea at night like camomile or ginseng, which, according to Thadani, are known to relax the system and reduce stress and anxiety.
- Switch off from technology at least an hour before bedtime—sounds impossible? All the more reason to follow this.
A hot shower at night will relax your muscles and get you ready for a good night’s sleep.
5. Love your alarm. How? Keep the tunes of your favourite violinist as your wake-me-up tone, or a forest bird’s melodious singing—whatever gets your soul alive and kicking!
– Sneha Mankani
A massive earthquake about 7.4 magnitude rocked the Himalayan state of Nepal with severe tremors felt all across North India. The epicentre of the quake is around 80 kms north-west of Kathmandu.
Nepal’s Information and Broadcasting Minister Minendra Rijal told NDTV that the earthquake lasted 10 to 15 minutes.
Immediate reports are not available about the casualties. Unconfirmed reports say that scores of buildings have been damaged.
The earthquake has triggered severe tremors across north India with panic-stricken people coming out of their buildings.
Visual effects play a significant role in film-making. Often times, the locations you see in the movies are actually green background scenes. Here’s a sneak-peek at what happens ‘parde ke piche’!
1. Chennai Express
2. Once Upon A Time In Mumbai
3. Bhaag Milkha Bhaag
6. Special Chabbis
8. Chandni Chowk
9. Oh My God!
10. Madras Cafe
11. Samrat & Co
“Yes I work – I’m a full time mom!”
There was laughter in the room and everyone thought I was funny. But I missed the humour in what I had just said, I was dead serious.
Someone asked me in a crowded party… “So, do you work?”
Without batting an eyelid I said, “Yes,as a matter of fact I do…I am a full time mom!”.
There was laughter in the room and everyone thought I was funny. But I missed the humour in what I had just said, I was dead serious. Obviously, I joined the others and laughed and noticed my husband was unsure if he should smile and face my wrath back home or just sit there with a straight face while the others thought I’d said something funny.
That night, while the kids were trying to sleep and I was sitting next to them (part of our daily ritual) for an hour in the dark room, I thought about what I had said…it was meant to be a strong statement…at least I meant it to be. What was it that triggered all the nervous giggles from the other ladies aka ‘working moms’ and I was even more curious to find out why the men thought I was being funny?
Well it was time to find out…I used this more often and it was always the same reaction from my peers. The only ones who looked impressed were the moms who were now grandmoms but still playing mom to their grandkids…wow, these women are true achievers…raising your own kids is hard enough while you are young and strong…imagine raising them all over again when your bones are creaking and you had assumed you were free of all responsibilities.
What I do is not something that has never been done before. But in today’s world it might be unique. I have to admit, it’s not like I gave up a great career to be with my kids.
Maybe if I had a high-flying career l too would rather be out there in the real world than in this little world created by my kids and me….maybe. But I know one thing for sure; I would never assume that all women who were home raising kids are doing it because they aren’t smart enough or because they have no choice. Of course they have a choice, life gives us plenty of choices but if we decide to hold on to something and not make that choice it’s because of faith in what we do and maybe simply because we are good at what we do.
Yes, I’ve been jealous, watching other women making a mark for themselves, being recognized, being independent and more than anything else knowing they are important. It’s hard to not be envious; it’s even harder to admit it. But every time any such thought crosses my mind, I try to picture myself doing what they do and I realize, I would never be happy. For me my happiness lies elsewhere, knowing that I’m always around for my boys, knowing that I give my family all my time, not because they want me to but only because I want to! I’m at my best here…this is what I love and this is what makes me happy.
I am incapable of outsourcing my kids to nannies and daycare. I can’t be working deadlines knowing my baby is sick at home and needs me more than he needs medication. I can’t miss his smile when he comes home with an A in his math test. I can’t accept that he has been well fed and is taking his nap without missing mommy.
It’s hard for me to do those things that working moms do….they have learned to let-go and are doing their best to keep their own identity and to be good moms. Me, I have let go of my identity….my struggle is different….I am a full time mom!! While I sometimes envy, sometimes condemn and at other times wonder how these moms do it…. I wish folks out there would also envy or wonder how I do it!
One smart-ass ‘working mom’ said….”I can’t be a full time mom watching tv all day”! Well, guess what I can’t pretend to be a working mom pretending to be at work all the time but taking convenient coffee breaks, hanging out with friends, doing office lunches, going on so-called official tours in which the official bit lasts for a couple of hours and you have the rest of the 6 hours to entertain yourself.’
In reality, I do not get to watch TV…the only TV I watch is animation! I do not get coffee breaks….when I sit to drink my coffee, is when I have to go clean poop or even worse make a tower out of building blocks…big deal, I let my coffee turn into cold coffee! My only adult conversations are with my mom and with the hubby if he isn’t tired after ‘working’ all day!
But then we all have our roles to play and this is mine…I am a full time mom and yes I ‘work’…work very hard. I might not be raking in the moolah, or getting pats on my back for all that I do but then I know what I do is not something everybody can do even though everybody thinks it’s simple.
Maybe, my kids might not turn out as well as the kids with moms who go to work but at least I know I tried and I did what made me and my family happy. I know that’s exactly what others are in pursuit off too…their happiness and I respect that. All I ask for is the same respect, respect me for doing what makes me happy, respect me for doing wonderful things with my kids which goes unnoticed to the outside world, respect me for not trying to find my identity in the outside world but for finding it within the four walls of my home. Respect me for letting my family know they are my priority.
I am blessed to have witnessed every first movement, smile and actions of my children….I haven’t had to hear it on the phone….those moments are mine to treasure. Sure most people get the re-runs when they get back home, but nothing beats the live version…the first!
So next time be kind to me, try and respect me and do not giggle when I tell you … “I work – I’m a full time mom!”
This post was submitted by Sharanya Govind.
126th anniversary of the public opening of the Eiffel Tower: 6 things you didn’t know about the iconic structure
Some 126 years ago, the Eiffel Tower opened its doors to the public for the first time.
The enormous metallic structure is now a globally recognised, iconic piece of architecture.
To mark the unveiling of the Tower which has become a symbol of love and Parisian elegance, Google is featuring a Doodle by illustrator Floriane Marchix on its homepage today.
In honour of the Eiffel Tower, here are six things you didn’t know about it.
It’s named after its engineer
Opened by French premier Pierre Tirard on 31 March 1889, the Eiffel Tower is named after civil engineer Gustave Eiffel. The feat of turning architect Stephen Sauvestre’s vision into reality earned Eiffel the nickname “the magician of iron”.
It’s almost as tall as the Shard, which is the tallest building in the EU
The Eiffel Tower stands at 300m (984ft) high (324m if you include its antennae), while the Shard is 306m tall (1,004ft) in its entirety.
It doesn’t like the cold
When it gets cold, the Tower shrinks by about six inches.
It was the tallest man-made structure in the world for 41 years
The Chrysler Building in New York claimed its place in 1930. But it continued to be the tallest structure in France until the military transmitter in the town of Saissac was erected in 1973.
It is the most visited ticketed monument in the world
As many as 7 million people visit the Eiffel Tower a year, and almost 250 million people have visited the tower since it opened.
It was built to celebrate revolution
The Eiffel Tower may be a symbol of romance, but it was built as the main exhibit at the 1889 Exposition Universelle (World’s Fair), which was held to mark the centennial of the French Revolution in 1789.
Mitalee Doshi, Founder of Oomph Nutrition tells us what to eat before and after workouts.
Achieving optimal results by a workout depends on certain aspects – the most important of them is one’s diet. What you eat before (and if needed, during) your workout is crucial for fuelling the workout itself and is responsible for muscle building. What you eat after your workout ensures that your body has all of the supplies it needs in order to recover, adapt and improve. The fluids and food you have before/during/after workout go a long way towards making sure that your exercise has the best impact on your health. Mitalee Doshi, Founder of Oomph Nutrition tells us what to eat before and after workouts.
One should never hit the gym on an empty stomach. Your pre workout meal is the meal that plays the largest role in supplying your body with everything it will need to ensure optimal performance during your workout.
Carbohydrates are essential for slow and steady energy release throughout the workout. It tops up your fuel levels and boosts your brain power and concentration for the session. Protein is required to build and maintain muscles and for healthy blood cells as they deliver nutrients and oxygen to working muscles. So make sure your meal has these foods. You can also go for lauki juice instead of protein shake post workout.
Sources of carbohydrates
Foods rich in complex carbohydrates, such as wholegrain pasta, roti, oats, fruits, vegetables and bread are the best sources of energy that can help you start your workout well, and keep at it without experiencing dizziness. They slowly release glucose in the bloodstream. These 5 carbs can actually help you lose weight.
Sources of proteins
Make sure you buy good quality protein which digests slowly, releasing amino acids (building blocks) into the bloodstream. Good sources are paneer, eggs, chicken, fish, casein supplement. You may also want to know if whey protein has any dangerous side effects.
Meals before a workout can be oats / muesli and milk or egg omelets with bread or paneer bhurji with roti or grilled chicken sandwich. Meal before cardio can be a fruit and milk or fruit and nuts.
Timing of the meal
It should be about 45 minutes prior to exercise. This allows body enough time to digest and begin nutrient absorption. The individual should not feel heavy or nauseous while under the pressure of workout. Cardiovascular training should be performed at a gap of 2- 2 ½ hours after the last meal.
Post workout nutrition
Gaining strength and muscle doesn’t occur while you workout but after, during the recovery stage. That is why post workout nutrition holds great importance. After your workout, you must try to eat a ‘recovery meal’ within one hour if possible. Your muscles are weaker after the training session because they have been torn down and have been damaged by an intense workout, so this meal is all about refuelling what you’ve lost and providing the raw materials needed for healing.
During the workout, the body has endured drop in blood glucose levels due to rapid use of glucose to fuel the workout, muscle breakdown due to overload and free radical attack due to high energy use and increase in stress levels. The sooner you start refueling your body, the better off you’ll be. Research shows that your body’s ability to refill muscle stores is higher within one hour after your workout. So make sure you eat the following.
Instant energy is required to replenish diminished glucose stores. Glucose needs to be immediately supplied for instant absorption into the bloodstream. Alternatively, bananas or fruit juice can also be consumed. It should be taken immediately after the workout.
It is essential to supply all amino acids in ample quantity for muscle repair. It should be of high quality and which quickly releases amino acids into the bloodstream. Good sources are whey or eggs. They should be consumed 10- 20 minutes after glucose. Consuming high-quality protein after exercise gives your muscles the fuel needed for both repair and for boosting growth. Here is a vegetarian diet plan for bodybuilders.
To fight free radicals, reduce muscle breakdown and to protect body tissues, antioxidants are required like vitamin A, C, E, zinc, selenium. The requirement for the antioxidants post workout is not met through food sources alone and thus it is essential to take supplements along with glucose.
Post cardio meal
The ideal post-workout meal consists of a blend of carbohydrates and protein. It can be 45 minutes after cardiovascular training. You can eat poha/ upma and curd or cereal and milk or a chicken sandwich.
It’s important to drink fluids before, during and after your workout as it is great for rehydrating the cells. Without sufficient water during exercise, your body temperature can be extremely high, so it is very important to stay hydrated to cool your body down.
The American College of Sports Medicine recommends to follow these guidelines:
- Drink roughly 2 to 3 cups (0.5 to 0.7l) of water two to three hours prior to your workout.
- Drink about 1/2 to 1 cup (0.12 to 0.23l) of water every 15 to 20 minutes during your workout. You may need more depending on your size and if the weather is warmer.
- Drink roughly 2 to 3 cups (0.5 to 0.7l) of water after your workout for every pound (0.5 kg) of weight you lose during the workout.
- Water is generally the best way to replace lost fluids. But if you’re exercising for more than 60 minutes, use a sports drink. Sports drinks provide not only fluid, but carbohydrate and sodium.
They can also help in maintaining your body’s electrolyte balance and give you a bit more energy.